If your body weight has increased excessively, there is a need to bring it under control. Otherwise it can lead to many serious illnesses. Obesity is a chronic disease affecting many parts of the body. It is on the rise in India and around the world. More than 40% of the world’s population being overweight or obese. Lack of physical activity has close links with obesity. As per an estimate, It may be the cause of 12% of deaths due to cardiovascular causes.
How obesity affects you ?
An increase of 10 kg in body weight increases the risk of coronary artery disease by 12%. Blood pressure also increases by about 3-5 mm Hg. There is also a direct link between obesity and various types of cancer. Obesity is also the second most common cause of myocardial infarction, followed by smoking, hypertension and hyperlipidemia.
The higher the obesity, the more likely it is that a heart attack will occur sooner. This is true, especially if the person concerned is diabetic. A single digit increase in the body mass index also increases the risk of stroke by 4-6%.
How obesity starts ?
It is often seen as a problem related to lifestyle, eating habits and lack of physical activity. Obesity has a direct effect on quality of life and can lead to heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, gallstones, arthritis and many other serious illnesses. Obesity is seen as a chronic disease. It is the starting point for many future heart-kidney complications.
The management of obesity requires a long-term holistic approach in addition to focusing on its root cause. Mere dietary measures are not successful in most patients. The causes of obesity include genetic inheritance, irresponsible eating habits, and lack of willpower. Obesity as a complex and chronic disease and hence requires lifelong management. Treatment of obesity should be based on individual details. This includes the patient’s degree of obesity, the existence of other illnesses, psychosocial-behavioral habits and the results of efforts made before weight loss.
Assessing the hormonal and genetic factors that cause weight gain can help an obese patient to tailor treatment to his or her specific needs. A network for obesity management or a team specially trained in obesity management can offer the patient treatments tailored to all aspects of his or her illness. It will prescribes medication based on many factors. Generally this includes proper diet, exercise, medical and / or surgical intervention and psychological support.
It is important to understand that obesity is not just a disease caused by overeating or lack of exercise. Genetics, environmental factors should also be considered, many factors are contributing. This problem is difficult to deal with alone and needs to be managed with the help of medical experts.